Application of Laser Welding Technology In Automobile Industry

Compared with conventional welding methods, laser welding is a precision welding method with multiple functions, strong adaptability and high reliability, and is easy to realize automation. Due to the high power density of the laser and the low heat input during welding, on the basis of ensuring the penetration depth, the welding heat affected zone is small, the welding deformation is small, and the laser welding does not need a vacuum device, so the laser welding has the characteristics of high quality, high accuracy and high speed.

At the same time, with the continuous development of high-power and high-performance laser processing equipment, the aluminum alloy laser welding technology has been widely used in the automobile manufacturing industry. Today we will introduce the application of laser welding technology in the automobile industry.

The application of laser welding in the manufacturing process of automobile industry mainly includes three types: laser assembly welding of body assembly and sub-assembly, laser tailor welding of plates with different thickness, and laser welding of automobile parts.

Laser welding of car body

Laser welding of car body mainly includes assembly welding, welding of side wall and top cover, and subsequent welding. On the one hand, using laser welding in the automobile industry can reduce the weight of the car, improve the mobility of the car, and reduce fuel consumption; On the other hand, improve the quality of products and progressiveness technology.

Laser tailor welding

Laser tailor-welding is to connect plates of different thickness, different materials, different or the same performance into a whole through laser cutting and assembly technology according to different design and performance requirements of the body during the design and manufacturing of the body, and then press them to form a part of the body. At present, laser tailor-welded blanks have been widely used in various parts of the car body, such as the trunk reinforcement plate, the trunk inner plate, the shock absorber support, the rear wheel cover, the side wall inner plate, the door inner plate, the front floor, the front longitudinal beam, the bumper, the crossbeam, the wheel housing, the B-pillar connector, the middle column, and so on.

Laser welding of auto parts

Laser welding of automobile parts has the advantages of almost no deformation of the welding part, fast welding speed, and no need for post-weld heat treatment. At present, laser welding is widely used in the manufacturing of transmission gears, valve tappets, door hinges, transmission shafts, steering shafts, engine exhaust pipes, clutches, supercharger axles and chassis and other automotive components.

In addition, the laser welding machine is also widely used in the welding of automotive engine filters. The laser power, welding speed and gas protection method are the key factors affecting the laser welding of automotive aluminum alloy filters. The problems and solutions of laser welding machine in the welding process of automobile engine filter are as follows:

1.Problems caused by the blowing direction of shielding gas: In view of the problems of unstable weld pool and narrow weld protection range caused by the blowing force of shielding gas is too large and the blowing area is too small, the shielding gas pipe with larger inner diameter is used instead, which can reduce the interference of gas on the formation of weld pool on the premise of forming a larger protection range for the weld pool.

2.Poor welding caused by mismatch of process parameters: in order to meet the requirements of uniform and beautiful weld surface formation and weld width, slow and defocused welding is adopted. In addition, the up-slope adjustment time and down-slope adjustment time shall be adopted in the welding process to reduce the crater formed at the end of arc.

In response to the demand of laser welding in the automobile industry, three-dimensional robot fiber laser welding machine emerged.

The laser welding machine uses imported industrial robots with high positioning accuracy, wide processing range and six-axis linkage to realize the welding of three-dimensional automobile parts. Manipulating the robot arm through the handheld terminal, the whole machine is compact in structure, and can still achieve efficient operation even in places with harsh conditions and many restrictions. The non-contact weld tracking system is configured to detect and correct the weld deviation in real time to ensure the welding quality.

About HGSTAR: HGSTAR is is a sub-brand of HGTECH.HGTECH the pioneer and leader of laser industrial application in China, and the authoritative provider of global laser processing solutions. We have comprehensively arranged laser intelligent machine, measurement and automation production lines, and smart factory construction to provide overall solutions for intelligent manufacturing.

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